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Beginning of the Quran: Prophet Muhammad’s First Revelation

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The first revelation to Prophet Muhammad, a significant event in Islamic tradition, marks the beginning of the Quran. This event took place in 21 Ramadan 610 CE when Muhammad was 40 years old. The revelation occurred in a cave called Hira, located on the mountain Jabal an-Nour, near Mecca.

The First Revelation

On what is now known as the Night of Power, Muhammad was visited by the angel Jibril (Gabriel). The angel commanded him to recite the first verses of chapter 96 of the Quran. These verses mention the creation of man from a clot. Initially, Muhammad resisted, but after the angel embraced him, he could recite.

The Beginning of the Quran

The first chapter of the Quran is Surah Al-Fatiha, also known as “The Opening” or “The Mother of the Book”. This chapter plays a special role in daily prayers (Salat), as Muslims recite it at the start of each unit of prayer, or rak’ah.

The Revelation Process

The revelations were not a one-time event. Instead, Muhammad received these revelations incrementally over a period of 23 years until his death in 632 CE. This process ensured that he accurately delivered the messages, making them easily understood and followed by the people.

Significance of the First Revelation

The first revelation marked the beginning of Muhammad’s journey as a prophet and laid the foundation for Islam. It signified a divine intervention aimed at guiding humanity towards righteousness and justice. This event is commemorated annually during Laylat al-Qadr (the Night of Power), one of the holiest nights in Islam.


The first revelation to Prophet Muhammad and the beginning of the Quran are pivotal moments in Islamic history. They mark the start of a new religious era and lay down the guiding principles for Muslims worldwide. As we reflect on these events, we gain a deeper understanding of their significance and their enduring impact on millions of lives today.

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How did the Quran start?

The Quran started with the first revelation to Prophet Muhammad in the Cave of Hira near Mecca.

Which is older Quran or Bible?

The Bible is older than the Quran. The composition of the Bible began around 1500 BCE and concluded in the 2nd century CE, while the Quran was revealed to Prophet Muhammad in the 7th century CE.

Who revealed the Quran?

Quran was revealed by Allah (God) to the Prophet Muhammad through the angel Gabriel over a period of 23 years.

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